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What Is a Chlorine Emergency Kit

The Chlorine Institute Emergency Kit “A” is manufactured to the design specifications of the Chlorine Institute. The Emergency Kit “A” contains devices to stop leaks at the valve, fusible plug, and in the side walls of chlorine 100 & 150 lb cylinders, which conform to specification DOT 3A480. The cylinders have outside diameters between 8¼ and 10¾ inches and overall height from 39½ to 59 inches. The kit is designed for use with all configurations of standard chlorine cylinders. It is important to note, this kit should not be applied to a cylinder that is liquid full.

Why Should I Have A Chlorine Emergency Kit On-Site

Leaks in chlorine cylinders rarely occur.   However, when they do occur, an immediate corrective action is required by trained personnel with special equipment or serious harm can occur.

Emergency Response and other personnel must be trained in the use of the devices and tools within the Emergency Kit A. Training must include the use of respiratory equipment and all other safety equipment. It is recommended that personnel should also have proper knowledge of chlorine gas.

Personnel safety is of primary importance. Emergency response should only be performed by authorized personnel who are trained in the procedures and are equipped with suitable respiratory and personal protective equipment.

Avoiding Chlorine Leaks

It is recommended by the Chlorine Institute that daily inspection of full cylinders regardless if they are connected or not to the discharge lines. By practicing this precautionary step, most leaks can be detected in time so that the necessary measures can be taken.

As soon as there is an indication of chlorine in the air, authorized and trained personnel equipped with suitable personal protective equipment should investigate promptly. All other persons should be kept away from the affected area.

The location of a leak in a chlorine-containing system can usually be detected by the reaction of ammonia vapor with the escaping chlorine.  Ammonia solution can be placed in a bottle with a wick. Place the wick near the suspected chlorine leak. If the wick starts to emit a white smoke, then a chlorine leak is confirmed.

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